Index of /firstvectrex/vectrex/UNSORTED/tools

Icon  Name                    Last modified      Size  Description
[PARENTDIR] Parent Directory - [   ] MOVE.RAR 2016-01-04 21:09 773K [   ] STOBIN.ZIP 2016-01-09 00:44 14K [   ] V-Model7.zip 2016-01-04 21:25 67K [   ] VecFlash-v2.zip 2016-01-04 21:08 244K [   ] dve.zip 2016-01-04 21:35 115K [   ] instruct.zip 2016-01-04 21:08 54K [   ] overlays.zip 2016-01-04 21:09 400K [   ] t.zip 2016-01-04 21:08 39K [   ] vecdraw.zip 2016-01-04 21:08 46K [   ] vecsound4unix-as09.t..> 2016-01-04 21:09 421K [IMG] vectrex.jpg 2016-01-04 21:09 737K [   ] vectrex.pdf 2016-01-04 21:08 333K [   ] vectrex_chr_sim.zip 2016-01-09 08:40 75K [   ] vectrexc.zip 2016-01-04 21:09 1.2M [   ] worm_ovl.zip 2016-01-04 21:08 49K
TOOL

HELP

EDIT


DOS Vectrex Emulator (DVE V2.00beta)
--------------------------------

Author:            Keith Wilkins  (kwilkins@nectech.co.uk)
Some enhancements: Christopher Salomon
                   (chrissalo@aol.com)


*********************************************************************

DVE is Copyright(c) 1995, 1996 by Keith Wilkins

This licence grants you the following:

Permission to use, copy, and distribute DVE in its entirety, for
non-commercial purposes, is hereby granted without fee, provided that
this license information and copyright notice appear in all copies.

If you redistribute DVE, the entire contents of this distribution
must be distributed.  The software may be modified for your own
purposes, but modified versions may NOT be distributed without prior
consent from Keith Wilkins.

This software is provided 'as-is', without any expressed or implied
warranty.  In no event will the author be held liable for any damages
arising from the use of this software.

If you would like to do something with DVE that this copyright
prohibits (such as distributing it with a commercial product, using
portions of the source in some other program, etc.), please contact
the author.

The author can be contacted via email at: kwilkins@nectech.co.uk

*********************************************************************


Vectrex EXEC ROM image Copyright(c) GCE 1983


*********************************************************************



Index
-----

1.0      Installation
  1.1      Game Images

2.0      Using DVE
  2.1      Screen flicker
  2.2      Default keys
  2.3      VECTREX.INI Settings
  2.4      Generating custom overlays
  2.5      GUI

3.0      Emulator Development status
  3.1      Misc history
  3.2      Speed gripes
  3.3      Emulation problems

4.0      With thanks to

5.0      Revision history





1.0 Installation
----------------

The Vectrex emulator comes as a zip-archive. Use the -d parameter to
extract all sub-directories as well.
A directory 'vectrex' is created while extraction and all files
are unpacked to that directory. Originally that archive comes
without virus, if you distrust your source of the file...
better check again :-)

This emulator should run on 386/486 machines but will run VERY slowly. The
emulator runs OK on a P60, slow but playable.

DVE does not use the Floating poing Co-Processor, it is all done in integer
arithmatic.

This version of Vectrex emulator supports VESA 2.0. If you have
a graphic card which is able of providing a hardware linear framebuffer
(UNIVBE will enable it!!!), you will definitly have a major speed
increase!

DVE now has sound thanks to Marcel De Kogel's emulation of the AY-3-8912
using the Adlib emulation. Please don't complain about the quality of the
sound I know the noise emulation is not perfect, but heh how much did you
pay for DVE ?? I do this for love not money so I don't need the grief.
If your machine is below a P60 in performance I'd advise you disable the
sound emulation, the faster the machine the better it sounds (See 2.3)

DVE now additionally to the above uses psg.c emulation originally written
by Ville Hallik (look at the selasnd.c file for further information).
This in addition to the SEAL audio library gives more accurate sound than
the addlib version, for old time's sake I left the above code in.
Which emulation you want to use can be configured from the ini file.

As you unpacked DVE you probably noticed, that there are now quite a lot
of files and directories. Here is the overall layout:

VECTREX
  BIN
    <all vectrex binary images>
  OBJECT
    <object files from compiler output>
  PIC
    <overlay pcx files>
  SAVE
    <save files from vectrex images>
  SOURCE
    <source to DVE>
  TEXT
    <pure ASCII text files>
  VOL
    <*.vol files for each binary image>
  HELP.DAT
    <all help files, including pcx images, and subdirectories>
  TOOL.DAT
    <data files for the GUI>
  vectrex.exe      # the emulator
  tool.ini         # ini for the GUI
  vectrex.ini      # ini for DVE


   1.1 Game images
   ---------------
<KEITH>
I did not wish to supply DVE with any images because of the copyright issue,
I have only included the EXEC ROM as the one in the archive is corrupt and
I don't wish to have people hassling about the fact that the emulator doesn't
work when its the fault of a corrupt EXEC image.

<CHRIS>
Since the emulator is free and the games are given to public for non profit
use, I think it is ok for the games to be distributed with the emulator.
If someone thinks there IS a copyright issue with this, please contact me and
I will remove the game images from the archive.

The sources of games that I know of are:

A. ftp.csus.edu - /pub/vectrex/vectrex.tar.Z - Large collection of carts
                  /pub/dktower/dktower.zip   - Dark tower

   I have them converted into a ZIP file for easier access. I have posted
   them to the site maintainer for inclusion on the Archive.


B. http://www.monmouth.com/~pcjohn

   PCJohn's new vectrex games Patriot & Vectrex Vaders are available
   from his site in the section regarding about vectrex game development.
   Patriot is SUPERB and well worth downloading


C. UK/US Vectrex home page

   http://www.naples.net/~saturn/vectrex/dve - Maintained by Alan Ricotta

D. My own page...

   http://members.aol.com/chrissalo/vectrex.htm - you might find something
                                                  interesting too...

There now seem to be a number of other sites with the zip, try searching
for Vectrex on lycos.



2.0 Using DVE
-------------

You can run DVE straight out of the "pack" by just typing VECTREX
and pressing return.

If you wish to use a particular game image then.

Usage: VECTREX <binary game image>

or just:
       VECTREX
and a GUI will pop up and you can chose a game, toggle the GUI with
SPACE.

This has all of the DVE debugging functions built in and is useful
for debugging or just disassembling games. I used it to cheat my way
through to the secret game in patriot. Hit <ALT-M> during the game
to invoke the debugger.

If you don't specify an image then the default image from vectrex.ini will
be loaded.




2.1 Screen flicker
------------------

If you experience bad screen flicker try editing VECTREX.INI and changing
the display_auto_refresh line to read:

display_auto_refresh=0

This will turn auto refresh off. When display_auto_refresh is set to
zero then the line marked:

display_update_period=30000

is used to set the frequency with which the display is updated. You should
not need to change this. If you do then the figures below will give some
idea of what to expect.


<5000  - Will give very very bad flicker

15000  - Acceptable image with some games, still bad flicker

30000  - Good stable image with most games

>60000 - Stable image but lots of vector trails, may abort emulator if
         the vector trails become too long.

When auto_refresh is set DVE will constantly adjust the display_update_period
value to what it thinks is most optimum, BUT the method I use is not suitable
for all cases, exceptions are Patriot & Spinball. The auto refresh has upper
and lower refresh limits defined in the INI file:

display_update_max=60000
display_update_min=7500




2.2 Default Keys (Changeable in VECTREX.INI)
----------------

A       Vectrex joypad 1 button
S       Vectrex joypad 2 button
D       Vectrex joypad 3 button
F       Vectrex joypad 4 button

Arrow keys are mapped to joystick left/right/up/down. Joystick is currently
configured as a digital device, this messes up some things i.e Etch-a-sketch.

If you wish to change the key bindings then this can be done in vectrex.ini
by altering the relevant key maps, these should be speficied as scan codes.


ALT-X   Exit the emulator
ALT-M   Invoke the debug monitor
ALT-R   Reset (Warm Start)
ALT-B   Reboot emulator (Cold Start)
ALT-P   Pause
ALT-G   Capture Screen to PCX file
ALT-W   Save game in progress (saved on exit if enabled)
ALT-L   Load saved game (loaded on start if enabled)
ALT-1 - ALT-9 Save position 1 to 9
1 - 9   Load position 1 to 9


ALT-F1  \
.       
.        - Reset emulator and run cartridge assigned to relevant key
.          (Cartidge list defined in VECTREX.INI
ALT-F12 /


If you enter the debug monitor and wish to exit, press enter before entering
any command as there is a bug in the keyboard driver that leaves unseen
junk in the buffer and the 1st command you type will always be rejected:

run     Restart the emulator and exit the monitor
quit    Exit back to DOS
help    Display command list

There are some more keys, which only work under some circumstance,
as there are:
While in GUI:

F1         Help
SHIFT-G    Games Menu
SHIFT-L    Load Menu

SHIFT-F1   Debug = Low
SHIFT-F2   Debug = Med
SHIFT-F3   Debug = High

CTRL_F     Force Single Processor emulation (see below)

while using anti aliasing... and GUI
SHIFT_END  Reset Analog squeezings!
MINUS      Dac Offset increase
PLUS       Dac Offset decrease
SHIFT-LEFT Integrator x decrease
SHIFT-RIGHT Integrator x increase
SHIFT-UP   Integrator y decrease
SHIFT-DOWN Integrator y increase
CTRL-LEFT  Drift x decrease
CTRL-RIGHT Drift x increase
CTRL-UP    Drift y decrease
CTRL-DOWN  Drift y increase

2.3 VECTREX.INI
---------------

Here are all the INI settings for those who wish to tinker:

The Variables are of different kind, I will provide some information
what kind of variable each is.
There are:
         : integer (they are treated as boolean, 1 or 0)
         : unsigned long integer
         : signed long integer
         : unsigned short integer
         : signed short integer
         : unsigned short character
         : signed short character
         : string
the lengths of them are compiler specific, but I'll give examples
of correct values.


Let us first look at the main options, which have to do
with display settings.


DISPLAY_ENABLE (integer), values 0 or 1
Lets you controll whether you want to see any output (1) or
not (0). For the majority of you this option is very useless.
Lets allways have a 1 here!
DISPLAY_ENABLE                  :1

DISPLAY_MODE (signed short integer), values 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
This should be an unsigned variable, well, doesn't really matter.
This one lets you chose what resolution you want the
emulator to use.
All modes used are VESA modes.
If a linear framebuffer capable card is found, it is used.
(which results in a performance boost)
ATTENTION!!!
Incorrect settings may harm you monitor, please be
sure you know what your monitor is capable of befor
fiddling with some of the higher settings.
Here is what each number stands for:
         : 0 Mode 640x480 Pixel 256 colors
         : 1 Mode 800x600 Pixel 256 colors
         : 2 Mode 1024x768 Pixel 256 colors
         : 3 Mode 1280x1024 Pixel 256 colors
         : 4 Mode 1600x1200 Pixel 256 colors
         : 5 Mode 320x200 Pixel 256 colors
NOTE:
Mode number 5 is no 'ordinary' VESA mode.
It is possible that you can only set it, if you are
using a third party VESA Driver (like the excellent one
from SCITECH)
DISPLAY_MODE                    :3

FORCE_VESA12 (integer), values 0 or 1
This option relates directly to the option mentioned last.
There have been times when users had trouble using the VESA modes
DVE chose to use, perhaps this option helps a bit.
If it is set to 1 only VESA v1.2 features are used, mainly
this means disabling linear framebuffer usage.
If your card does not support VESA 2.0 features anyway, you
can happyly ignore this feature, as DVE uses the VESA 1.2 routines in
that case anyway...
FORCE_VESA12                    :0

LINE_TYPE (integer), values 0 or 1
Use normal or anti aliased lines.
0 means normal lines.
1 means anti aliased lines (only for fast systems).
LINE_TYPE                       :1

DISPLAY_EXACT_SCALING (integer), values 0 or 1
Since all Vectrex output is done via vectors, the output is
very easy to scale. Actually this is a neccessity, since the
coordinates used internally range from somewhere around
-20000 to +20000. To downscale these coordinates one can use
different functions. Two methods can be used with the emulator,
one quite fast method, but not so accurate and one more accurate
(and slower). Internally (computer internally) this means function1
uses only SHIFT instructions and an addition, both can be achieved very
fast, because it is in the blood of every electric beeing.
The more exact method uses a (wonder!) DIVIDE instruction (which
all electric beeing I know of HATE).
DISPLAY_EXACT_SCALING           :1

DISPLAY_AUTO_REFRESH (integer), values 0 or 1
If set, the emulator decides whether it would like to update the
screen or not.
Actually I (Chris) have not looked at the code for this option
yet, so I don't know much about it, I usually leave this to 1.
Look at the documentation for some further information.
DISPLAY_AUTO_REFRESH            :1

DISPLAY_UPDATE_MAX (unsigned long integer), values 0 to (big number)
This option is directly related to the above mentioned DISPLAY_AUTO_REFRESH,
it sets the upper limit the automatic refresh calculation routine
uses. Values from 40000 to 90000 are somewhat meaningfull.
The default is 60000 (wise choice I guess).
This value should be greater than DISPLAY_UPDATE_MIN.
The measure is in 'TICKS', one tick relates directly to
the cycle count used in the emulation. So if you run at 100%
speed, you should be able to do (about) 1500000 ticks/second.
-> see also DISPLAY_UPDATE_PERIOD
DISPLAY_UPDATE_MAX              :60000

DISPLAY_UPDATE_MIN (unsigned long integer), values 0 to (big number)
This option is directly related to the above mentioned DISPLAY_AUTO_REFRESH,
it sets the lower limit the automatic refresh calculation routine
uses. Values from 5000 to 35000 are somewhat meaningfull.
The default is 7500 (wise choice I guess, though flickery).
This value should be lower than DISPLAY_UPDATE_MAX.
The measure is in 'TICKS', one tick relates directly to
the cycle count used in the emulation. So if you run at 100%
speed, you should be able to do (about) 1500000 ticks/second.
-> see also DISPLAY_UPDATE_PERIOD
DISPLAY_UPDATE_MIN              :25000

DISPLAY_UPDATE_PERIOD (unsigned long integer), values 0 to (big number)
This also gives the start for DISPLAY_AUTO_REFRESH.
Else it gives the exact number of ticks a line drawn is left
on the screen.
The measure is in 'TICKS', one tick relates directly to
the cycle count used in the emulation. So if you run at 100%
speed, you should be able to do (about) 1500000 ticks/second.
A low value means that vectors are displayed a very short time, and
they may be gone before the vectrex had time to refresh them by its own
means. (a flicker will occur)
A high value on the other side increases the persistence of the vectors,
if set to high, vector trails begin to appear and emulation slowdown
may occurs. (if set very high the emulator might even go up in flames,
since there is a fixed amount of memory allocated for lines,
for 4000 lines actually)
DISPLAY_UPDATE_PERIOD           :33772

DISPLAY_ENHANCE (integer), values 0 or 1
Well, unlike other emulators, DVE does not have any buffering
systems. We draw everything right to the screen, be it new lines
or deleting old ones. This option influences the behavior of
deleting the old ones. Since it would be far to time consuming
to check 'collisions' of lines, the old ones are just deleted.
This leaves the screen somewhat garbled (no, not all that much).
The enhancement (if enabled) redraws every line after deleting the
old lines. This cleans up the display again, at the cost of speed.
If you system is slow and/or you have a graphic card which only supports
banked video modes, it might be worth trying without enhancement.
(on fast computers with fast graphic cards, this option does not make
any significant speed differences, so you should leave it on)
DISPLAY_ENHANCE                 :1

DISPLAY_LINE_PERIOD (unsigned short integer), values 0 to ...
I don't really know what this was actually used for, by now it
is obsolete!
DISPLAY_LINE_PERIOD             :1

OVERLAY_ENABLE (integer), values 0 or 1
Well, it says it, doesn't it? The option can be set also in
the appropriate *.vol file, which override the settings found here.
OVERLAY_ENABLE                  :1

DISPLAY_COLOUR (unsigned short integer), values 1 to 14
If overlays are disabled you can still chose what color
to use for vector drawing (or in old/style overlays).
Colors range from 1 to 14, which are actally pen colors, which
each extend to 14 shades of the 'real' color for different
intensities. When enabling the GUI you will probably
not want to chose color 14, since colors from that pen
are used for it.
The option can be set also in
the appropriate *.vol file, which override the settings found here.
DISPLAY_COLOUR                  :1

DISPLAY_CLIP_X (Y) (signed long integer), values 1 to 20000
If overlays are disabled you can set the clipping boundaries
With these two variables. It is allways a rectangle clipped, with its
center in the middle of the screen.
That mean:
DISPLAY_CLIP_X 1000
DISPLAY_CLIP_Y 1000
would result in only a fairly small visible square in the
middle of the screen.
DISPLAY_CLIP_X                  :30000
DISPLAY_CLIP_Y                  :30000

DISPLAY_#DIV_X (Y) (unsigned short integer), values 1 to 200 (?)
For these settings to take effect you also have to enable
DISPLAY_EXACT_SCALING. For each supported video mode (0-5)
you can enter divider for both x and y resolution.
With these setting you can scale your vectrex display to any
size you like. The default values give you a pretty accurate
display, but if you fiddle with some custom overlays it might be
easier to scale the vectrex output than to scale the overlay with
some paint program.
You can fit the vectrex output to the whole screen with
the appropriate values (though it might look strange)
Default values:  Mode    X      Y
                   0     95     92
                   1     76     76
                   2     60     60
                   3     45     45
                   4     38     38
                   5     175    222
The following formular is used:
                   X=lX/dividerx;
                   Y=lY/dividery;
Note:
These settings can also be specified in the *.vol files,
which overwrite settings found here!
DISPLAY_0DIV_X                  :98
DISPLAY_0DIV_Y                  :92
DISPLAY_1DIV_X                  :78
DISPLAY_1DIV_Y                  :74
DISPLAY_2DIV_X                  :61
DISPLAY_2DIV_Y                  :58
DISPLAY_3DIV_X                  :46
DISPLAY_3DIV_Y                  :43
DISPLAY_4DIV_X                  :39
DISPLAY_4DIV_Y                  :37
DISPLAY_5DIV_X                  :175
DISPLAY_5DIV_Y                  :222

DISPLAY_#SHIFTA_X DISPLAY_#SHIFTB_X(Y) (unsigned short integer), values 1 to 10 (?)
For these settings to take effect you also have to disable
DISPLAY_EXACT_SCALING. For each supported video mode (0-5)
you can enter two shifter for both x and y resolution.
With these setting you can scale your vectrex display to any
size you like. The default values give you a pretty accurate
display, but if you fiddle with some custom overlays it might be
easier to scale the vectrex output than to scale the overlay with
some paint program.
You can fit the vectrex output to the whole screen with
the appropriate values (though it might look strange)
Default values:  Mode    X A   X B     Y A  Y B
                  0       7     9       7    9
                  1       7     8       7    8
                  2       6     9       6    9
                  3       6     8       6    8
                  4       6     7       6    7
                  5       8     9       8    11

The following formular is used:
                  X=(lX>>iDivShiftAx) + (lX>>iDivShiftBx);
                  Y=(lY>>iDivShiftAy) + (lY>>iDivShiftBy);
Note:
These settings can also be specified in the *.vol files,
which overwrite settings found here!
DISPLAY_0SHIFTA_X               :7
DISPLAY_0SHIFTB_X               :9
DISPLAY_0SHIFTA_Y               :7
DISPLAY_0SHIFTB_Y               :9
DISPLAY_1SHIFTA_X               :7
DISPLAY_1SHIFTB_X               :8
DISPLAY_1SHIFTA_Y               :7
DISPLAY_1SHIFTB_Y               :8
DISPLAY_2SHIFTA_X               :6
DISPLAY_2SHIFTB_X               :9
DISPLAY_2SHIFTA_Y               :6
DISPLAY_2SHIFTB_Y               :9
DISPLAY_3SHIFTA_X               :6
DISPLAY_3SHIFTB_X               :8
DISPLAY_3SHIFTA_Y               :6
DISPLAY_3SHIFTB_Y               :8
DISPLAY_4SHIFTA_X               :6
DISPLAY_4SHIFTB_X               :7
DISPLAY_4SHIFTA_Y               :6
DISPLAY_4SHIFTB_Y               :7
DISPLAY_5SHIFTA_X               :8
DISPLAY_5SHIFTB_X               :9
DISPLAY_5SHIFTA_Y               :8
DISPLAY_5SHIFTB_Y               :11

DISPLAY_VERBOSE (integer), values 0 or 1
When enabled some information is delivered to stdout
the screen might become garbled if this is enabled, so
if you do enable it, it would be wise to redirect the output
to some file.
DISPLAY_VERBOSE                 :0

MAX_SPEED (signed long integer), values 0 or 1000 (?)
This is a procentage value of the speed of a real
vectrex. So 100 means 100% of a real vectrex.
On my AMD K6, 233 Mhz with Matrox Millenium I have been
able to get as high as 300% of original speed, so a
delimiter is by now a real MUST.
Note:
The delimiter code is outside the processor emulation.
If FORCE_SINGLE_PROCESSOR is disabled the 6809 emulation is
run in little bursts of uninterruptable sequences.
That means as long as there is no interrupt expected the
6809 emulation is taking over everything.
In the usual vectrex game this doesn't make a difference.
Test programs on the other hands, which do not assert
interrupts (or the like) will not be correctly slowed down.
Most noteably this appeared in Clay's SOUND.BIN, which is a
test program which plays sampled sound without any screen display
or input. It just bursts like hell (where speed is concerned) and
the sound is speeded up to. (sounds like it breathed in some helium :-))
Note 2:
If sound is played to fast inspite of 100% speed, try setting
SOUND to 2, since the PSG emulation attempts to adjust to sampling
rates in relation to the speed of the vectrex.
(NOT done with SOUND set to 1).
MAX_SPEED                       :100

SAVE_ON_EXIT (integer), values 0 or 1
If enabled the vectrex state will be saved to a file.
The filename will be the name of the cartridge with ".sav" as
extension. During emulation you can save to the same file with
"ALT W" and load with "ALT L".
SAVE_ON_EXIT                    :0

RESTORE_ON_START (integer), values 0 or 1
If enabled the emulator is looking for a file called
"<name of the cartridge>.sav", if found it will be
automatically loaded when emulation is started.
RESTORE_ON_START                :0

DEBUG_ENABLE (integer), values 0 or 1
If enabled a debug window will be opened on start and
some messages will be displayed during emulation.
This is probably of little use to the day to day gamer.
For debugging the emulator and gleaming some knowledge on
how this thing works it is pretty usefull.
There are different DEBUG levels, they describe what kind of
information is actually displayed. You have to look at the sourcecode
for more information...
When DEBUG is active a completely different set of emulation
functions is working. On slower computer you will defenitly
want to disable DEBUG, for it is a slowdown garant.
This setting can be toggled online by ALT D.
NOTE:
If enabled GUI is enabled too!
DEBUG_ENABLE                    :0

DEBUG_MONITOR (integer), values 0 or 1
If enabled a MONITOR window will be opened on start.
In this window you can do all the things you want to do
and are allowed to do. :-)
This setting can be toggled online by ALT M (or invoke the
exit function in the Monitor window...).
NOTE:
If enabled GUI is enabled too!
DEBUG_MONITOR                   :0

DEBUG_MONITOR_PAUSE (integer), values 0 or 1
Should the emulator be paused on monitor startup?
DEBUG_MONITOR_PAUSE             :1

FORCE_SINGLE_PROCESSOR (integer), values 0 or 1
There are different ways, how a real vectrex cycle is
emulated internally. I call them single and multiprocessor.
That has nothing to do with being capable of using more than
one processor. It originates in how the processor and the
custom chips are updated internally.
Multi means that the processor is running full speed,
no custom chips are updated, as long as no custom chip
information is needed.
Single means that the processor and custom chips are allways updated
every 'emulation round'. (which means it is bloody slow going)
Actually it shouldn't really be neccessary to activate this option,
since, if everything is done all right, the only visual effect is a
dramatic slowdown of everything. I thought at some stage it might
be neccessary, but I don't think it really is, but I left it in for
being to lazy to remove it. Perhaps, if you have a fast processor some
sounds might be cleaner...
Someday, when I get around doing it, I will use this setting to
get the speedthrottling working correctly...
FORCE_SINGLE_PROCESSOR          :0

GUI_ENABLE (integer), values 0 or 1
Oh well, it says it, doesn't it?
Gets the GUI running right from start.
You can toggle it using <SPACE> while running.
On slower systems you perhaps don't want the GUI to be
running, since it steals some time...
GUI_ENABLE                      :1

SOUND (unsigned short integer), values 0 to 2
There are now three settings.
0 - No sound at all
1 - Marcel De Kogel's emulation of the AY-3-8912,
    Adlib (Soundblaster for digital) (the old way)
2 - PSG emulation by Ville Hallik, Michael Cuddy and
    (some really minor changes for digital sound)
    Christopher Salomon,
    SEAL Audio library, thanks guys...
SOUND                           :2

SEAL_AUDIO_DEVICE (unsigned short integer), values 0 to 65535
Only interesting if SOUND is set to 2.
Lets you force the SEAL library to use a certain audio
device. For information what devices are available
start the emulator with 'sealinfo' as a command line
parameter.
For automatic detection (recomended) use 65535.
SEAL_AUDIO_DEVICE               :65535

DIGITAL_VOLUME (unsigned short integer), values 0 to 100 (or more?)
Only interesting if SOUND is set to 1.
This setting is used for changing the volume of digitzed sound
only! It applies to the chunks of sound given to the DAC of
the Soundblaster. Thus the (now) only available cartridge
effected is 'SPIKE'.
This setting was more built for my personal use, since
I needed some method to compensate the different settings
for ADLIB volume and DAC output volume.
If you find your digital output to loud or to soft,
you might experiment with this value, it gives
a percentage of the original volume to output.
So for really soft output use small values.
DIGITAL_VOLUME                  :30

ROM_WRITE_ENABLE (integer), values 0 to 1
Well, just what it says.
Actually I don't really know why Keith put it in here,
I guess it is usefull, but what for? (I don't know)
ROM_WRITE_ENABLE                :0

CART_WRITE_ENABLE (integer), values 0 to 1
Same as above.
Well, just what it says.
Actually I don't really know why Keith put it in here,
I guess it is usefull, but what for? (I don't know)
CART_WRITE_ENABLE               :1

PCJOYSTICK (unsigned short integer), values 0 to 2
Well, joystick support certainly took its time.
0 - no joystick is used (a bit of a speed up)
1 - PC joystick is used, but input is taken as
    digital input (even with an analog joystick)
2 - PC joystick is used and input is used as
    analog input
The calibration is done automatically, just wiggle it
a few times at startup, to give the code a chance to get a
grip on things.
Polling the damn PC joystick allways takes a lot of time,
on slow systems you perhaps want to disable this to
use the keyboard only...
NOTE:
Keyboard (joystick) controls are disabled when
Joystick is active.
Button 4 is mapped to Joystick Button A
Button 3 is mapped to Joystick Button B
Button 1,2,3,4 are also all still mapped to the keyboard.
PCJOYSTICK                      :0

DIGITAL_JOYSTICK (integer), values 0 to 1
This is only used when the above PCJOYSTICK is set to 0.
If (DIGITAL_JOYSTICK is) set to 1, the input from joystick
keys is send to the vectrex as the maximum possible analog
joystick setting of the vectrex. Many cartridges do not use the
analog information the original vectrex joystick was capable of sending.
It is (sort of) safer for these games to use this setting.
And perhaps a tiny little bit faster (but don't be concerned).
If set to analog (0), the direction keys are (sort of) polled,
and the longer you hold the key, the more 'direction' is emulated.
DIGITAL_JOYSTICK                :1

JOYSTICK_AUTO_CENTRE (integer), values 0 to 1
This is only used when the above PCJOYSTICK is set to 0 and
DIGITAL_JOYSTICK is set to 0. That means the keyboard direction keys
are used to emulate an analog joystick.
If autocenter is enabled, the above mentioned increased 'direction'
(increased by holding the keys down for a certain period of time)
is decreased back to center, when no direction key is pressed.
Otherwise, the 'direction' stays the same, till some other direction key
is pressed.
JOYSTICK_AUTO_CENTRE            :1

JOYSTICK_SENSITIVITY (signed short integer), values 0 to 32767
This is only used when the above PCJOYSTICK is set to 0 and
DIGITAL_JOYSTICK is set to 0. That means the keyboard direction keys
are used to emulate an analog joystick.
This is the value, which is added (subtracted) upon every poll of
the direction key. The maximum 'direction' possible is +-32767.
A nice value is for example 16.
JOYSTICK_SENSITIVITY            :16

PLAYER#$$$$ (unsigned short integer), values 0 to 32767
Well these define the keys which are used for each player.
It would be to much, to list all keys here, for a comprehensive
list, look at some book, or in the header file 'scandef.h'.
Some codes:
(taken from the ZSNES doc, thanks guys)
 1  ESC         21 Y        41  ~        61  F3       81  PGDN
 2  1           22 U        42  LSHFT    62  F4       82  INS
 3  2           23 I        43  \        63  F5       83  DEL
 4  3           24 O        44  Z        64  F6
 5  4           25 P        45  X        65  F7
 6  5           26 [        46  C        66  F8
 7  6           27 ]        47  V        67  F9
 8  7           28 ENTER    48  B        68  F10
 9  8           29 CTRL     49  N        69  NUM
10  9           30 A        50  M        70  SCRL
11  0           31 S        51  ,        71  HOME
12  -           32 D        52  .        72  UP
13  =           33 F        53  /        73  PGUP
14  BACKSPC     34 G        54  RSHFT    74  -
15  TAB         35 H        55  PRTSC    75  LEFT
16  Q           36 J        56  ALT      76  KEY5
17  W           37 K        57  SPACE    77  RIGHT
18  E           38 L        58  CAPS     78
19  R           39 ;        59  F1       79  END
20  T           40 '        60  F2       80  DOWN
PLAYER1BUTTON1                  :30
PLAYER1BUTTON2                  :31
PLAYER1BUTTON3                  :32
PLAYER1BUTTON4                  :33
PLAYER1UP                       :72
PLAYER1DOWN                     :80
PLAYER1LEFT                     :75
PLAYER1RIGHT                    :77
PLAYER2BUTTON1                  :16
PLAYER2BUTTON2                  :17
PLAYER2BUTTON3                  :18
PLAYER2BUTTON4                  :19
PLAYER2UP                       :7
PLAYER2DOWN                     :8
PLAYER2LEFT                     :9
PLAYER2RIGHT                    :10

TICKSTOGRAB (unsigned long integer), values 0 to <very high number>
Don't worry about this.
It is not compiled into this version.
But for the curious, it defines the 'ticks' between
two screenshots. Clay wanted to do a small video/animation
and asked me to implement a continous snapshot feature.
I'm not sure, if the code still works, haven't compiled it
in ages...
TICKSTOGRAB                     :1500000

BINARY_DIRECTORY (string), values, well a string!
The default directory, where the binary rom images
are looked for first.
The path can be either absolute or relative.
BINARY_DIRECTORY                :".\\bin"

VOL_FILE_DIRECTORY (string), values, well a string!
The default directory, where the *.vol files
are looked for first.
The path can be either absolute or relative.
VOL_FILE_DIRECTORY              :".\\vol"

PICTURE_DIRECTORY (string), values, well a string!
The default directory, where the *.pcx files
are looked for first.
The path can be either absolute or relative.
PICTURE_DIRECTORY               :".\\pic"

SAVE_DIRECTORY (string), values, well a string!
The default directory, where the save files
are looked for first.
The path can be either absolute or relative.
SAVE_DIRECTORY                  :".\\save"

DEV_DIRECTORY (string), values, well a string!
The default directory, where the development files
are looked for first.
The path can be either absolute or relative.
DEV_DIRECTORY                  :".\\dev"

ROM_IMAGE (string), values, well a string!
Well, the default 'operating system' to load.
ROM_IMAGE                       :"system.img"

RAM_IMAGE (string), values, well a string!
Actually, I dunno, really.
It should specify a ram image (1KB), which might be loaded
upon startup, but there is no feature to save one :-).
I guess Keith wanted to implement a game/snapshot with this
or some kind of debugging? Anyway, it is still in here, and
fairly useless. (anyone tried to enter a name here?)
RAM_IMAGE                       :""

DEFAULT_CART (string), values, well a string!
I wonder what this might be for...
DEFAULT_CART                    :"dktower.bin"

CARTRIDGE## (string), values, well a string!
The carousel cartridge names, for ALT F1 to ALT F12...!
CARTRIDGE01                     :"narrow.bin"
CARTRIDGE02                     :"art.bin"
CARTRIDGE03                     :"system.img"
CARTRIDGE04                     :"pole.bin"
CARTRIDGE05                     :"spike.bin"
CARTRIDGE06                     :"sweep.bin"
CARTRIDGE07                     :"patriot.bin"
CARTRIDGE08                     :"berzerk.bin"
CARTRIDGE09                     :"narzod.bin"
CARTRIDGE10                     :"spinball.bin"
CARTRIDGE11                     :"space.bin"
CARTRIDGE12                     :"hyper.bin"



X_DRIFT (signed short integer), values - xx to +xx
For emulation of analog deficiencies, not sure this is
all correct, non programmers and/or novices - leave it alone!
X_DRIFT                         :0

Y_DRIFT (signed short integer), values - xx to +xx
For emulation of analog deficiencies, not sure this is
all correct, non programmers and/or novices - leave it alone!
Y_DRIFT                         :0

X_INTEGRATOR (signed short integer), values - xx to +xx
For emulation of analog deficiencies, not sure this is
all correct, non programmers and/or novices - leave it alone!
X_INTEGRATOR                    :0

Y_INTEGRATOR (signed short integer), values - xx to +xx
For emulation of analog deficiencies, not sure this is
all correct, non programmers and/or novices - leave it alone!
Y_INTEGRATOR                    :0

X_INTEGRATOR_POT (signed short integer), values - xx to +xx
For emulation of analog deficiencies, not sure this is
all correct, non programmers and/or novices - leave it alone!
X_INTEGRATOR_POT                :0

Y_INTEGRATOR_POT (signed short integer), values - xx to +xx
For emulation of analog deficiencies, not sure this is
all correct, non programmers and/or novices - leave it alone!
Y_INTEGRATOR_POT                :0

DAC_OFFSET_POT (signed char), values - xx to +xx
For emulation of analog deficiencies, not sure this is
all correct, non programmers and/or novices - leave it alone!
DAC_OFFSET_POT                  :0


2.4 Custom overlays (.VOL files)
--------------------------------

The original vectrex had clear palstic overlays with nice borders that
were supplied with each game. These gave some semblance of colour on
the vectrex. DVE V1.0 upwards supports an electronic version of these
overlays.

I have generated one example file for Minestorm just to show how things
work. I have added (as requested many times) the capability for both
overlays and borders. It is up to you the users to generate the VOL files
for the games. I don't have the time. I'm sure some kind sole has the
time and inclination to generate a VOL file editor.

Since DVE 1.20 there is support for PCX overlay pictures. The above mentioned
method is still implemented.
I had the idea to use 'real' vectrex overlays as soon as I saw heaps of
them at a certain ftp site. I converted the minestorm overlay and
added a simple pcx routine to the emulator, voila a very lifelike overlay!
There is no scaling provided for pcx overlays, so you have to create
one for every resolution you would like to play with.
For minestorm I include a 'full' overlay.
(for all six supported resolution that is, scaled)
The Overlay images found, simply scaled down to the required size still don't
fit. Or sometimes you'd like to fit the vectrex to some specified screen
region (if you want to use a vectrexpicture+something as an overlay).
A new (above mentioned) ini-file option for scaling is supported...
Look above for the syntax.

Following are the 'historic' values (defaults):

/******************************************************/
/* DivShftA   DivshftB   error scaled  error to 40000 */
/******************************************************/
          7,         8,  // error 12 : 996
          7,         7,  // error 24 : 1584
          6,         8,  // error 13 : 676
          6,         7,  // error 87 : 3393
          6,         6,  // error 50 : 1650

/***************************************/
/* using exact scaling, divider values */
/***************************************/
          83,            // error  1.92 : 159
          66,            // error  6.06 : 400
          52,            // error  1.23 : 64
          39,            // error  1.64 : 64
          33,            // error 12.12 : 400


COMMAND SYNTAX DEFINITION FOR *.VOL FILES

  screen colour <pen> <intensity> <red> <green> <blue>
  screen clip   <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2>
  screen offset <x1> <y1>

  screen divx  <resolution> <div>
  screen divy  <resolution> <div>

  for not-exact scaling:

  screen shiftx   <resolution> <shift a> <shift b>
  screen shifty   <resolution> <shift a> <shift b>

  border line   <pen> <intensity> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2>
  border block  <pen> <intensity> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2>
  border elipse <pen> <intensity> <x1> <y1> <major axis/2> <minor axis/2>
  border triangle <pen> <intensity> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2> <x3> <y3>

  overlay enable/disable
  overlay block  <pen> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2>
  overlay elipse <pen> <x1> <y1> <major axis> <minor axis>
  overlay triangle <pen> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2> <x3> <y3>

  overlay_pcx0 <filename>
  overlay_pcx1 <filename>
  overlay_pcx2 <filename>
  overlay_pcx3 <filename>
  overlay_pcx4 <filename>

  extended_ram
  no_shades
  load_colors_exact

  lightpen
  fullrefresh

  3D_IMAGER_GAME
  WHEEL_TICKS #number#
  COLOR_?_DEGREES #number#
  IMAGER_MODE #number#

VALUE BOUNDS

  pen value       0 to 15
  intensity value 0 to 15
  red/green/blue  0 to 255
  x1/y1/x2/y2     -20000 to +20000
  #number#        see below

  NOTE: For x/y values you MUST keep these values exact multiples of 64.
        If you do not do this then you'll find that some of your items
        won't line up correctly. This is all due to the method used to
        convert vectrex coordinates to screen coordinate as it uses a
        a bit shift to divide.
        This is for old style overlay definition only!


SCREEN COMMANDS

  screen colour <pen> <intensity> <red> <green> <blue>

    This command allows you to customise DVE's screen colour selection.
    You have a choice of 14 pens (1-14) and 16 intensities of each pen
    (0-15). I would suggest that you use pen 15 for setting up colours
    for use in the border setup. The red/green/blue values must all be
    in the range 0-255.

    You should define intensity 15 to be the brightest. Intensity 0
    should always be black (0 0 0). e.g.

        # Light blue gradient for pen 14
        screen colour 14 0    0   0   0
        screen colour 14 1    4   4  16
        screen colour 14 2    8   8  32
        screen colour 14 3   12  12  48
        screen colour 14 4   16  16  64
        screen colour 14 5   20  20  80
        screen colour 14 6   24  24  96
        screen colour 14 7   28  28 112
        screen colour 14 8   32  32 128
        screen colour 14 9   36  36 144
        screen colour 14 10  40  40 160
        screen colour 14 11  44  44 176
        screen colour 14 12  48  48 192
        screen colour 14 13  52  52 208
        screen colour 14 14  56  56 224
        screen colour 14 15  60  60 240

    Pens 1-4 have already been defined (you can overwrite them) in the
    following manner:

        Pen 1 - White
        Pen 2 - Red   (255 0 0) - (0 0 0)
        Pen 3 - Green (0 255 0) - (0 0 0)
        Pen 4 - Blue  (0 0 255) - (0 0 0)

    All other pens have been set to black (0 0 0) on all intensities.

    Pen 0 exists to, but these colors act now as in the PCX overlays...

     pen 0 color 1 -14 are used for erase pen colors,
     pen 0 1 is erase color for pen 1
     pen 0 2 is erase color for pen 2 ...


  screen clip   <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2>

    This will set the active clipping region for all vector drawing
    no vectors will be draw outside of this box. The vectrex screen
    coordinates go from about -20000 to +20000 units in both X and Y.

    Because of the linearity problem described in "Emulation Problems"
    some games need a wider clipping box than others (Vaders).

  screen offset <x1> <y1>

    This will allow you to shift the 0,0 origin around on the screen.

Scalability of Emulator Output

I bet you never looked at it, right?
The ability to scale the Vectrex Display used to be only available in the
'vectrex.ini' file. With the overlay pictures available at ftp.csus.edu
a problem became apparent. The output is not exactly scaled as the overlays,
the overlays themself have different sizes amongst each other (astonishing,
isn't it?). From now on the output can be scaled from each overlay file as
well, the overlay-file scaling overrides scaling values found in vectrex.ini.
The picture at the top of this page gives an example of a downscaled
Minestorm. Now the ship doesn't disappear anymore if it moves out of the
screen, it moves directly to the other side, as it supposed to be like.

Syntax:

for exact scaling:
SCREEN DIVX     -RESOLUTION- -DIV-
SCREEN DIVY     -RESOLUTION- -DIV-

for not-exact scaling:
SCREEN SHIFTX   -RESOLUTION- -SHIFT A- -SHIFT B-
SCREEN SHIFTY   -RESOLUTION- -SHIFT A- -SHIFT B-

For Minestorm in 640X480 Resolution following seems to be OK:

SCREEN DIVX 0 98
SCREEN DIVY 0 92

While you are at it, ever used the SCREEN OFFSET thing? You can move vectrex
emulation anyplace on the screen you like!
How about a picture of a vectrex console, and the emulator right on it?
You can do it, if you want!


BORDER COMMANDS

These commands can be used for drawing the non-transparent parts of the
vectrex overlays. You can setup the colours using the SCREEN COLOUR
command. I would suggest you use pen 15.


  border line   <pen> <intensity> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2>
  border block  <pen> <intensity> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2>
  border elipse <pen> <intensity> <x1> <y1> <major axis/2> <minor axis/2>
  border triangle <pen> <intensity> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2> <x3> <y3>

    These commands will generate an rectangular/eliptical/triangular solid
    colour areas.



OVERLAY COMMANDS

These commands WILL NOT draw anything visible to the screen area unless
you have the DEBUG command present in the VOL file. The overlay commands
will generate the equivalent of the clear coloured plastic parts of the
vecrex overlays.

When used with the SCREEN COLOUR commands to define a pen/intensity
selection and and OVERLAY XXXX commmand you can generate areas of the
screen which will have different colour vectors. See my example
SYSTEM.VOL file. When the screen beam passes over an overlay it will
change colour to the given <pen> colour as defined by the SCREEN COLOUR
commands.

  overlay enable/disable

    By default the overlay function is disabled because of the slight
    speed hit that it causes. It will not disable the drawing of any
    border or screen commands. So you can have borders without overlays
    if thats what you require.

   DO NOT ENABLE OVERLAY IF YOU DON'T USE IT!!!
   The screen will remain black, since no colors are defined!!!

  overlay block  <pen> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2>
  overlay elipse <pen> <x1> <y1> <major axis> <minor axis>
  overlay triangle <pen> <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2> <x3> <y3>

    These commands will generate an rectangular/eliptical/triangular
    coloured transparent areas. Whenever the vector beam passes over
    this area it will draw in the colours you have defined for <pen>
    with the SCREEN COLOUR command.

PCX COMMANDS

  overlay_pcx0 <filename> for SVGA640X480
  overlay_pcx1 <filename> for SVGA800X600
  overlay_pcx2 <filename> for SVGA1024X768
  overlay_pcx3 <filename> for SVGA1280X1024
  overlay_pcx4 <filename> for SVGA1600X1200

Load an overlay PCX file. The PCX MUST be a 256 color file with exactly
the correct resolution.
-all colors of the PCX file are used and set
-clipping is provided by the pcx file
-overlay is provided by the pcx file

Enhanced the PCX overlay again (DVE v1.20a).
Now some 'shinethrough' or what ever you want to call it is added.
Overlay PCX layout:

color#0       : Not used (might be solid)

color#1-14    : Shinethrough colors for pen 1-14
                (these are treated as solid too)

color#15      : Not used (might be solid)

color#16-239  : 14 pen colors, each 16 color width
                These colors define transparent overlay
                parts of the PCX picture.

                Only the last color from each 16color block is
                read from the pcx file
                the 15 previous colors are ranges from that
                color to black (or shinethrough)

                PEN 14 is used for GUI!!!

color #240-255: Solid colors, are loaded and shown as in PCX file


You can use up to 14 different pen colors.
These pen colors define areas of the pcx where a vector will be
displayed. As the PCX file is read pixels with these colors
are NOT displayed, since they define transparent colors.
The pen colors are (colors range from 0-255 in a pcx file):
31,47... 239
colors in between the above mentioned are ignored!
Colors 1-14 are shinethrough colors

--------
Difference to V1.20 Overlays.
Well, a deleted vector was allways drawn in background color. That was
color#0, usually black. I still haven't seen a Vectrex, but I'd imagine,
that even when the beam was not illuminating the screen some color would
be visible. For Minestorm for example that might have been a very dark
blue'ish 'shinethrough'. Now colors 1-14 are the corresponding
'shinethrough' colors for their respectiv pen.
Why use different colors than the darkest pen color? Dunno, seemed to be
a good Idea at the time, can't remember. Perhaps just to add to the confusion.

PEN 14 is used for GUI!!!
PEN 11, 12, 13 are used by the imager!

--------

The downscaled colors are calculated while loading the pcx file as intensities
of the pencolors. The RGB values of for example color 15 are divided by 16,
every color below 15 has 1/15 less RGB value, down to 0. Thus
we have the required intensities for our vector.
Colors 240-255 define solid colors. Pixels with that color are put on the
screen and are visible all time.
Clipping is performed in the way that pixels with solid colors define
clipped regions and pixels with transparent colors are none-clipped regions.
If you don't understand this at all,... don't bother, look at the
overlay pcx files that come with the emulator, they should clear up everything,
as this is really a simple method...


VARIOUS

EXTENDED_RAM

If you put this switch in the *.vol file, the cartridge is treated as having
a extra ram area at $2000-$2800 regarding save files.
The only known cartridge to support this is animaction.


NO_SHADES

Emulator behaves like befor the bugfix (I think) regarding color shadings.

LOAD_COLORS_EXACT

Do nothing to the colors of the PCX file. You could actually programm
colored vectrex games with this, as the shades don't have different
brightnesses but different colors. Up to 16 colors per overlayblock!
(Haven't tried it, but sounds cool)


LIGHTPEN COMMANDS

LIGHTPEN


This enables lightpen emulation. Lightpen is emulated via mouse.
A tiny mouse pointer is shown (one Pixel for now).

The mousepointer uses two colors.
Color 254 and Color 255 (pen 15 intensity 14 (==254) and intensity 15 (==255)).
The pointer will be color 255 if no mousebutton is pressed and the other
color if any or all mousebutton is (are) pressed.
The lightpen is considered off screen while no button is pressed and
touching the screen while a button is pressed.

To change these colors without loading a pcx overlay with appropriate
colors at the correct position you might use the following syntax:

screen colour 15 15 255 255 255
screen colour 15 14 255 0   0

This will give you a white pointer and red 'active' pointer.

If you enable the lightpen you should enable exact scaling as well.
This is not done automatically!
The mouseposition is converted to vectrex scanline position using the
divider for exact scaling as a multiplier.
Backwards operation of the two shifts is just a bit difficult to manage.
If you still don't want to use exact scaling,
you might try using a different exact scaling value while using
'not exact scaling' to avoid the differences between the two calculation
methods. (Didn't try that)


Note: I found no documention regarding how a lightpen for Vectrex
      exactly works. I found a dissassembled ArtMaster Rom
      file at a certain ftp site (look at links...).
      Thanks for that again Fred!
      I tried some reverse engeniering,... and it actually works now
      for the three lightpen using images I found so far:

      Art Master
      Melody Master
      Animaction

      I don't know if I got it completly right. If something does not
      work... you may try contacting me...

How I think the vectrex lightpen works:
(forgive me if something in here doesn't sound very professional,
 cause I really am a technical illiterate, I just describe what I found
 out looking at the Art Master Rom...
 and ... I never programmed a 6809 processor)

Artmaster uses sort of two different ways to locate the lightpen:
a. check known positions if something is there
b. search the hole screen for a lightpen

a. To put it simple: The last lightpen position is known, Vectrex thinks
   the lightpen must still be somewhere near, so it draws something like
   a spider net arround the last position.
                                   /-----\
                /---\             /       \
    /-\        /     \            I       I
    I*I        I  *  I            I   *   I         ...
    \-/        \     /            I       I
                \---/             \       /
                                   \-----/

   If it is found somewhere on the WEB Vectrex is happy :-)!
   If not it stops searching and is unhappy :-(!
   You will see that very often using Artmasters Sketch or Connect
   Menu (everytime you release the button!).

   Emulating this was fairly simple, since the only thing to be added
   was mouse position information.
   The lightpen will generate an interrupt on the PIA line CA1.
   So I only changed the analog section of the emulator, if
   the position of the vector ray was near the mouse position
   then...
   t6522IFLG|=E6522IFLG_CA1;
   change the PIA interrupt register so that it thinks an interrupt had
   occured. Actually I didn't like to put it in the Analog section,
   since it is a PIA interrupt, and all other PIA interrupts are triggered
   in the PIA section of the code... but than again it is triggered sort
   of by the vector beam too...

b. The method used in animation modus is somewhere different, for
   you can put 'new' lines anywhere on the screen, so 'webbing' would
   be sort of unefficent.

   ArtMaster scans the whole screen for the lightpen position.
   It draws lines from bottom to top (search_screen_for_scanlines (0721)).
   (0x7a lines by the way (0721)) These lines are drawn every
   0x0200 (0766) vectrex coordinates (y-axis that is).
   It starts at position 14944 (decimal)(0726) and goes up (screen upwards)
   to -17888.

   A line is drawn all the way, after it is finnished there is a check if
   a lightpen pick occured, if so then further testing regarding the
   horizontal position is done (find_point_of_intersection (076d)).
   If it doesn't find a pick at all it leaves the routine
   (being unhappy again...).

   The horizontal position is somewhat trickier to get. ArtMaster
   calculates the position. It redraws the scanline (0770...) where
   it found the lightpen pick, starts a counter (register b=0x7f (0798))
   draws the line and while decreasing the counter waits for an
   interrupt to occur. (lightpen interrupt on PIA CA1, 0776...)
   If an interrupt occurs, the position is calculated and stored
   (process_ISR (07B7)).
   Finished.

   So I had to implement a new interrupt, the vectrex emulator
   did not react on CA1 interrupts (this was done in five minutes, since
   it was virtually nothing!).
   After me having optimized the processor to multi-ticks (that's what
   I call it) calculation of the horizontal position was somewhat
   difficult. I actually had to reimplement the old single-tick cpu
   again to calculate the position correctly, furthermore an analog
   tick HAD to occur every cycle, otherwise the emulator could miss
   the position it was looking for.
   The beam position had to be integrated every tick and could not
   be calculated per ticks since last integration.
   All this makes lightpen emulation sort of inefficient :-(.
   BUT I only use this sort of testing and integrating when BOTH
   mousebutton is pressed and an CIA interrupt is enabled... so
   most of the time emulation goes smooth still.

   While we are at it... I cheated somewhat here!
   ArtMaster tries to disable interrupts with following code
   (disable_interrupts (07aa)):

   clra
   sta   0x0e

   Which doesn't really clear anything, since the interrupt vector
   to be cleared must be specified, it should be something like:

   lda   #0x02
   sta   0x0e

   This incorrectness caused a slowdown once the interrupt was enabled
   the first time and the mouse button was pressed...
   The workarround to that was, that EVERYTIME an interrupt is cleared
   bit two is set!
   (emu6522.c function: UBYTE f6522Addr0EWrite(UWORD tAddress,UBYTE tData))
   This shouldn't really concern any other vectrex rom, since that
   interrupt is only used by the lightpen (I think).
   But I really hated doing that, since emulation
   perfection is somewhat broken...
   The other way would have been to change the ROM, but that would
   have been a none trivial task, since there is not so much
   space for new code in there...

   The width for a mouse position to be recognized is 0x100 vectrex
   coordinates, I derived that value of the ArtMaster
   search_screen_for_lightpen routine, which scans in intervalls of
   0x200. Sometimes with the emulator lightpens are not recognized,
   this relates directly to the above mentioned 0x100. It could
   probably be a bit wider range, but a miss happens fairly seldom,
   so why bother, I guess it happened with a real lightpen too.
   To take a wider range than 0x100 would have made
   for example connect and scetch somewhat inaccurate, so I left it at
   0x100...


Another thing:
For lightpen support I added one further option to *.vol files.
This one is called:

FULLREFRESH

This has to do with the way the emulator refreshed vectors and how the
mouse cursor is implemented.
To minimize the processor time at mouse support, it is
not checked whether there is a vector behind the mouse or not.
It is checked if there is an overlay section behind the mouse or not.
If an overlay is there, the overlay is restored (or a window for that...)
If there is no overlay... the screen is just cleared.
If the mouse moves over a vector, the vector is broken at that point,
because one or more pixel(s) is (are) erased.
The emulator doesn't usually redraw 'stable' vectors, if vectrex is
redrawing a vector which is allready in position, it's time stamp is
updated, but the vector itself is not redrawn, so after a while
using the mouse the screen can become somewhat garbled.
FULLREFRESH now enables redrawing all vectors
every display tick, the screen stays tidy and clean... though it is a
bit slower...

For Programmers: If you use the mouse, don't option the compiler with
                 the '/et', the programm will die of a page fault disease!

3D-IMAGER
                  3D_IMAGER_GAME
                  WHEEL_TICKS #number#
                  COLOR_1_DEGREES #number#
                  COLOR_2_DEGREES #number#
                  COLOR_3_DEGREES #number#
                  IMAGER_MODE #number#

                  Most of these are fairly selfexplanatory, but here is what they
                  do anyhow.

                  3D_IMAGER_GAME - tells the emulator, that the game for this
                  *.vol file is a GOGGLE-GAME.

                  WHEEL_TICKS #number# - you tell the *.vol file the speed with which
                  the wheel has to spin. One tick is 1/1500000 second.
                  (vectrex 6809 runs at 1.5Mhz) Good values to start with are
                  between 40000 and 60000.

                  COLOR_?_DEGREES #number# - these three things are used to
                  tell the emulator, what the wheel looks like.
                  In degrees how much of the half wheel is covered by the
                  corresponding color.
                  It is very strongly recomended, that these three
                  values add up to 180 degrees, though I don't check it...
                  BTW..., COLOR1 is 15, COLOR2 is 13, COLOR3 is 14...

                  IMAGER_MODE #number# - number between 0 - 6.
                  This determines how the imager is to be emulated to the
                  screen.
                  At some time there was sort of a discussion going on in some
                  newsgroup how the goggles could at all be satisfyingly
                  emulated. Well probably can't suit you all, but
                  I couldn't think of much more, save to insert some goggles
                  to the joystick port... (no, I won't do that!)
                  Here is what these 7 modes do:


                  # 0 only the 'left' side is displayed, unicolor, therefor
                      an overlay picture can be used

                  # 1 only the 'right' side is displayed, unicolor, therefor
                      an overlay picture can be used

                  # 2 red/blue for left and right side, if you have some glasses
                      you might be lucky and get a glimps of true 3d :-)

                  # 3 only the 'left' side is displayed, in the colors corresponding
                      to the wheel colors (overlays must be enabled nonetheless)

                  # 4 only the 'right' side is displayed, in the colors corresponding
                      to the wheel colors (overlays must be enabled nonetheless)

                  # 5 both sides are displayed in colors corresponding
                      to the wheel colors (overlays must be enabled nonetheless)
                      this most probably looks like a real vectrex seen without
                      the helmet on :-)

                  # 6 left side is displayed on the leftmost side of the screen
                      right side is displayed on the rightmost side of the screen
                      (scaling must be set manually to fit...)
                      Actually I like this setting a lot...

Just for the sake of completeness.
Somebody said one could get something out of beating the 4 button on the
second joystick. That is probably right, but it used not to be right
with the emulator. Keith forgot (or didn't think it important) to
map that key to CA1 register of the VIA. There it can trigger an IRQ, which
in turn is the thing vectrex waits for. It is emulated now, though I still
didn't try bashing at the keyboard...

Oh, by the way, thanks again to Fred Taft for his dissassembling of
"Narrow Escape" which proved to be quite usefull :-)

2.5 GUI
-------
The GUI is self made, as you might easily notice. It is a left of, of some
earlier programming I did. You will notice that the GUI package is not as
conform and organized as it could (should!) be. That is mainly because
it had different development stages and no real plan behind it. Today I
would approach things differently, but back than it was not today and that
is the reason I did things as I did.
Though it evolved into something like nearly a cooperative multitasking
GUI, it quite obviously isn't. Some things work nearly parallel, some others
not at all, you will notice that, when you fiddle around with the
filerequester and the mouse buttons. But I honestly couldn't be bothered
to reprogram everything from scratch.

Though everything is done in 'C', the programming style is rather
objectish, as you will notice once you dared looking closer at the source.
Today I'd probably do everything in 'C++', it would have made life
easier in a lot of situations. The Editor for example is sort of an
instance of a text-display class. As is the log window, the status window
or the monitor.

For development purposes I made a small editor. This is not really intended
to replace any other editor. Real development is probably a pain in the ass
with it, but for quick 'online' hacks I thought it sufficent.
There is online help available for many topics. In the editor and
the monitor, you can use the right mouse button to get some quick help on
certain topics. For example numbers (hex, bin, dec, ascii, 6809),
6809 opcodes and some vectrex OS functions.

The help system is a case of its own. It is really a mess, but apart from
that quite flexibel. The above mentioned quick help can be extended on the
fly without recompiling. The topics for quick help are found in *.key files
in the 'help.dat' directory. The usage is obvious.
Really tricky things can be done with the help, look at the '6809.txt' help.
I included TOC buttons in the included text from the 'TEXT' directory,
without changing the original text...
For some help concerning help files (*.hlf) look elsewhere.

This GUI was allready written some time ago. I thought I might be writing
some sort of strategy game, but somehow I never got arround doing so.
It is neither complete, nor (most probably) bugfree. For use with
DVE I altered it slightly, so that the emulator is more easily running in
the background.

As you might have noticed by now the GUI is based on the dreary old mouse/windows
concept. I fiddled quite a bit with these windows, to make them sort of
allround useable. You can open as many as you like, if there is no bug
hidden nothing bad should come out of it.

You can move windows in the front, in the back or in between other windows,
not that this feature is anywhere near usable, but it looks sort of <cool> :-).
I think there is somewhere still a bug in the window/refresh routine, but
it seems to be well hidden, I have as yet not been able to reproduce
the faulty outputs.

Anyway, you are probably not interested in my babble, so I will tell you something
you might at least find semi-usefull.

HELP is available, try clicking on buttons or areas with the ALT key
pressed. If I considered it worthy of help, a small window with
some online help will pop up.

You can also press CTRL+F1 (was just plain F1, but DVE used F1 allready, so I
moved on to CTRL...).

LEFT SHIFT and RIGHT SHIFT are used to move windows to the front or to the back
click on a window with one of them pressed will move the clicked window to
the desired state.

While using the help buttons, you can hold down the CTRL key while clicking
buttons. If you do so the former help window will not be closed!
If you want to access a hidden window, use the right mousebutton.
If not used otherwise in that area, a window with all hidden windows
listed will pop up. Release the button on the name of the window you would
like to have restored.
At the moment I think only 5 names can be displayed in that window. If you have
more hidden windows, use the CURSOR LEFT and CURSOR RIGHT keys (while still holding
on to the right button) to move to the next squad..."

Default font settings... Edit Windows expect the default font to be
non proportional fonts. The is done to add to the readability of texts
(and tables). Therefor, for now in edit windows fonts HAVE to be
non proportional fonts. Scrolling would be provide strange results if
other fonts were used. Though it would probably be an easy thing to fix,
but as yet I don not see the need. With Help windows you can use (and scroll)
any font you like...


3.0 Current Status
------------------
KEITH:
As far as I'm concerned DVE is pretty much complete at V1.0. I am not
planning any further versions unless it is to bug fix V1.0.

Most games are now playable, unless they use the 3D imager, as I have no
info on this I can't make the emulator support it. There is still an
image offset problem on some games, notably Spinball & Clean Sweep. I
haven't tried to fix it yet.

NOTE: If anyone out there has information on how the 3D system works
then I'll attempt to emulate the 3D games (red/green glasses time)

Some people have complained that the emulator doesn't work and hangs at the
opening screen. This is NOT the case, the opening screen makes the emulator
work very hard due to the number of vectors on screen even on a P120 speed
drops off badly at this point, hence the programmed 4 second delay can
stretch out to 50 seconds on a really slow machine. With the new hashing
search on vectors for V1.0 then this should no longer be a problem.

HINT: Press ALT-R at the reset screen, this will reset the emulator, by
      default the vectrex skips the opening screen on a warm reset.

The vectrex.tar.Z file contained in the csus.ftp.edu archives contains an
image of the vectrex system ROM (vectrex/binary/vecmon.com). DO NOT USE
THIS FILE WITH THE EMULATOR as it is suffering from the advanced stages of
bit rot and is badly corrupted. Many thanks to Marc Woodward for sending
me an uncorrupted system image.

Emulation speed:    P75  approx 30-50% actual speed.
                    P120 approx 50-90% actual speed

Emulation speed has a lot to do with the number of vectors present on
screen at a given time. I've put quite a lot of effort into optimising
DVE but alas I've failed my goal of 100% on a P60. There are more things
that can be done but its a law of diminishing returns.

It seems on some graphics cards the 800x600 mode doesn't work correctly
but I haven't figured out why. (Matrox Millenium)



3.1 History
-----------

For Version 1.00, Keith:
DVE is written in Watcom 'C' and Assembler. All of the 6809 opcode emulation
is 100% assembler, the main sequencing loops and all hardware emulation is
still written in 'C'. The program uses my homebrew VESA setup and linedraw,
not the fastest but much faster then the watcom libs.

I started DVE back in March 1993, spent around 2 months on/off writing the
debugger and disasembler. I then got bored and dropped the project in
favour of something more interesting (doom most likely). There it sat until
about Feb 96 when seening that someone (PCJohn) was writing new games it
spurred me into action.

Adding for version 1.20, Chris:
...



3.2 Speed Gripes
----------------

For those people who complain that xxx emulator does 100% on a 8MHz 8086
why can't DVE hack it, heres my reason why.

  The vectrex uses a 6809 running at 1.5Mhz (External clock is 6MHz)

  On a 60MHz Pentium this means I have only 40 Pentium clock cycles in
  which to emulate a single 6809 cycle. If you said that each pentium
  instruction takes 2 cycles then I can only execute 20 machine code
  instructions.

  For each emulated vectrex cycle the emulator must do the following:

            Update the 6809 model
            Update the 6522 model (shift register & 2 counters)
            Increment the time reference for hardware emulation

  The big problem is screen emulation, the emulator must keep a list of
  all vectors on screen at a given time. Any time a new vector is drawn
  it must be compared against all existing vectors to see if it is a
  new vector or an old one being re-drawn. The opening screen has around
  300 vectors constantly being updated.

  Periodically the emulator must age the list of vectors in an attempt
  to emulate the persistance of the monitor, ie Undrawn vectors must
  fade away, all old vectors then have to be undrawn.

  Maybe now you have some idea why getting 100% speed is not as easy
  as it sounds.


3.3 Emulation Problems
----------------------

There are two games I desparately wanted to get running perfectly as they
are the only two with graphical faults : Clean Sweep & Spinball. It seems
unlikely that the vector offset problem will be fixable without considerable
effort on my part to improve the modelling of the integrators within the
vectrex.

The gist of the problem is that DVE models "perfect" integrators that always
reach the point they were programmed to reach, in a linear fashion. On the
real machine the integrators arent perfect, its this imperfection that is
very hard to model correctly.

The problem manifests itself slightly in most games, the most obvious is
the non-centred text on the boot screen. This feature also prevents line
clipping being implemented fully as the edge of the screen is in different
places for many games, i.e Vectrex Vaders is much wider than others.
Although each game can have its own VOL file and as such you can have
different clipping for each game.

###
CHRIS
I think the abobe problem REALY lies in the emulation of via and how
many cycles it needs to reach other vectrex internals.
The emulator needs to be 'half-cycle' exact for via emulation!
###


4.0 Many thanks to
------------------

Lee Witek       - For doing the Web page and being an all round mate.
                  (Someday THE game WILL be finished)... Plum

Alan Ricotta    - For maintaining the US home page.

Fred Taft       - Without your dissasembly of the system ROM I'd have had
                  a devil of a time sorting some of the bugs. It would have
                  been impossible for me to rebuild system.img from the
                  corrupt version.

John Sandhoff   - The kind soul who sent me the Vectrex System manual 3 years
                  ago when I started this project.

Phil Jones      - (fil@muon.demon.co.uk) Many thanks for the code you released
                  to x2ftp.oulu.fi for setting VESA modes.

Mark Woodward   - For the uncorrupted system image

Brad Mott       - Who licensing text I've borrowed & modified.

Marcel De Kogel - For the use of his AY-3-8912 emulation for Adlib.

Luc Miron       - For producing menu.cfg

Andrew Bond     - For offering menu.zip for inclusion in DVE distribution.


To all of those avid vectrex fans who've sent me email encouraging me.


5.0 Revision History
--------------------

22/4/96 V0.01 - First public release of the emulator, work in progress.

23/4/96 V0.02 - Additional opcode emulation and bug fixes. Mine Storm
                now runs properly although buttons still cause exceptions

29/4/96 V0.03 - More opcodes, some bugfixing, some optimisation.

24/5/96 V0.04 - Bug-fixing.
       (Beta)   Optimisation.
                6809 Emulation completed
                Interrupt handling added.
                VESA Mode code added.
                linedraw code added.
                Some new INI options added: display_enhance
                Documentation overhaul

7/8/96  V1.00 - Hashing table added for line search.
                (~2x speed up on boot screen 19% -> 36%)

                Sound emulation added.

                Speed limiter has been added for the day when a machine
                is found that'll run DVE >100% (P133 or better should do it).

                Fixed Timer1/2 IRQ bug (Bedlam now works)

                Added custom overlay file capability (VOL files)

                Clipping modified to be screen mode independant, now
                based on vectrex screen coords,

                Fixed Dark Tower bug. Bug with Dark Tower not setting
                the direct page register correctly and using the 6522
                data direction register as a RAM location.

                Fixed Cosmic Chasm bug. Caused by typo in the opcode
                lookup table, some page 3 opcodes were calling page 2
                instructions.

??.10.96:V1.20
                Ah, well speed improvements...
                - new vesa routines for VESA 2.0 support
                  (hardware linear framebuffer, if your card supports it)
                - new clipping strategy
                - emulation processing changed
                  (thanks for the tip Keith)
                - more 'inline' functions

                ->a speed increase sometimes up to (and exceeding) 100%

                PCX overlay files added

                Exact scaling supported

                Lightpen support

                Note: The vectrex.exe file is considerably larger
                than the last version. The old version was packed, this
                one isn't. And for different options I used
                different functions, so I avoided many if... then... else
                clauses, but on the other hand I used up much
                more space than Keith...

                Note: The emulator uses much more memory than it used to...
                This is due to some large arrays...
                For example for clipping I use an array the size of the
                resolution. That takes nearly 2MB for the highest resolution!

                If you want a FAST emulation:
                -be sure to have a hardware linear framebuffer card
                -disable overlay
                -disable exact scaling
                -disable display enhance
                -disable lightpen
                -disable fullrefresh
                -disable display_auto_refresh and chose something as
                 refresh value which suits you
                -use mode 2 (for me somehow its the fastest)
                -do a clean DOS boot, without ANY memory manager

                with that I have been able to get 100% with some games...
                (Intel P100, Diamond Stealth 64 2MB VRAM)

??.10.96:V1.20a Changed the PCX overlay organization a bit, people start
                asking how to do these things, I though it was pretty much
                selfexplanatory, I was wrong I guess

??.12.96:V1.20b Lost in time, HD Crash... (Had a graphical startup menu to
                select images...) Will be some time till I do that again,
                I hate implementing things twice

27.02.97:V1.20c Bug fix, overlayed colors were not drawn in the correct
                brightness, actually they were drawn in full illumination all
                the time

28.02.97:V1.20d Implemented that Snapshot ability (ALT W and ALT L), wanted
                to do that for quite some time now, never came arround doing
                it though

02.03.97:V1.20d ALT 1 to ALT 9 Save games to different files, loadable with
                1 to 9. Two *.vol file options included on demand (I don't
                like them), Lightpen fixed.

??.??.97:V1.20e Carousel overlay bug fixed

??.??.97:V1.20f - save format changed slightly

                - a bit speed improve I think

                - keys don't react quite as good (well a bit of loss somewhere)

                - old overlay style fixed, though display colors now start with
                  pen 1 instead of zero
                  pen 1 is white
                  pen 2 is red
                  ...
                  as in the pcx overlays
                  pen 0 color 1 -14 are used for erase pen colors,
                  pen 0 1 is erase color for pen 1
                  pen 0 2 is erase color for pen 2 ...

                  because of that some changes must be made to existing *.vol
                  overlays, though they shouldn't be dramatic

                  and in vectrex.ini
                  display_color only ranges from 1 to 14 instead from
                  0 to 15...    (old default is 0 now is 1)

                - two new overlay comands (old style)
                  border triangle pen intensity x1 y1 x2 y2 x3 y3
                  overlay triangle pen x1 y1 x2 y2 x3 y3
                  wonder what they do?
                  (on demand... didn't test them all that much...)

27.06.97:V1.30  - Clay wrote the following:
                  "The emulator has some quirks-- it will display
                   vector intensities with the high bit set (the
                   Vectrex shows black for any intensity of %1xxxxxxx)"
                   fixed!

                - new ini command "force_vesa12", if set to one a
                  banked (VESA 1.20 compatible) mode will be forced,
                  hopefully that will work with people who have trouble
                  with VESA 2.0 modes, though it is about 10% slower...

                - thanks to Clay I added digital sound support
                  this can be heard in spike or in clays moon lander
                  (or the sample file he gave me :-))
                  New ini command "digital_volume", can be set to
                  a procentage. The digital volume can be regulated with
                  that (with my system, it is quite another volume than
                  the non digitized...).
                  In order to enable digital samples, a
                  soundblaster/compatible card must be used AND the BLASTER
                  environment variable must be set!
                  Note: If emulation runs to fast, the samples will all
                  speed up! The speed settings will not work fine
                  with digitized audio, since speed is regulated by
                  a timer interrupt (18.2 times per second),
                  the emulator runs sort of in small burst if the
                  machine is to fast. This has weird effects on
                  samples (which are written directly to the DSP DAC).
                  I tried setting the timer interrupt up to 1000 times per
                  second and synchronizing to that, but it doesn't really
                  make any difference.
                  What I did was add another ini command:
                  "force_single_processor" (boolean, 0 or 1)
                  If set that will slow down emulation considerably
                  and probably will be to slow (unless you have a fast
                  processor :-)).
                  Whenever I get a really fast processor, I will add a delay
                  to the above single_processor_mode, that should fix the
                  speed things with digital samples once and for all,
                  since the emulator will than be able to run
                  cycle exact at 100% speed...

30.06.97:V1.40  - 3d Imager support!
                  Finally I had some time to look at it. It sort of works, it is not
                  perfect yet, but...
                  First some drawbacks...
                  I have no 3d imager, neither have I seen one working yet, I
                  don't really know what the games look like, so if
                  I have some color settings wrong, feel free to do better...
                  Right now I'm emulating a fixed speed for the spinning wheel.
                  Vectrex usually wants to fiddle with that speed, that is not suported
                  yet (dunno if it ever will be...).
                  "Narrow Escape" and "Crazy Coaster" work just about fine.
                  "Mine 3d" so so, I suspect it to change the rate of the
                  color wheel during the startup screen, since I can't find a
                  speed setting that will satisfy both the game and the startup...

                  There are some new settings for the *.vol files, as e.g.:

                  3D_IMAGER_GAME
                  WHEEL_TICKS #number#
                  COLOR_1_DEGREES #number#
                  COLOR_2_DEGREES #number#
                  COLOR_3_DEGREES #number#
                  IMAGER_MODE #number#

                  Most of these are fairly selfexplanatory, but here is what they
                  do anyhow.

                  3D_IMAGER_GAME - tells the emulator, that the game for this
                  *.vol file is a GOGGLE-GAME.

                  WHEEL_TICKS #number# - you tell the *.vol file the speed with which
                  the wheel has to spin. One tick is 1/1500000 second.
                  (vectrex 6809 runs at 1.5Mhz) Good values to start with are
                  between 40000 and 60000.

                  COLOR_?_DEGREES #number# - these three things are used to
                  tell the emulator, what the wheel looks like.
                  In degrees how much of the half wheel is covered by the
                  corresponding color.
                  It is very strongly recomended, that these three
                  values add up to 180 degrees, though I don't check it...
                  BTW..., COLOR1 is 15, COLOR2 is 13, COLOR3 is 14...

                  IMAGER_MODE #number# - number between 0 - 6.
                  This determines how the imager is to be emulated to the
                  screen.
                  At some time there was sort of a discussion going on in some
                  newsgroup how the goggles could at all be satisfyingly
                  emulated. Well probably can't suit you all, but
                  I couldn't think of much more, save to insert some goggles
                  to the joystick port... (no, I won't do that!)
                  Here is what these 7 modes do:


                  # 0 only the 'left' side is displayed, unicolor, therefor
                      an overlay picture can be used

                  # 1 only the 'right' side is displayed, unicolor, therefor
                      an overlay picture can be used

                  # 2 red/blue for left and right side, if you have some glasses
                      you might be lucky and get a glimps of true 3d :-)

                  # 3 only the 'left' side is displayed, in the colors corresponding
                      to the wheel colors (overlays must be enabled nonetheless)

                  # 4 only the 'right' side is displayed, in the colors corresponding
                      to the wheel colors (overlays must be enabled nonetheless)

                  # 5 both sides are displayed in colors corresponding
                      to the wheel colors (overlays must be enabled nonetheless)
                      this most probably looks like a real vectrex seen without
                      the helmet on :-)

                  # 6 left side is displayed on the leftmost side of the screen
                      right side is displayed on the rightmost side of the screen
                      (scaling must be set manually to fit...)
                      Actually I like this setting a lot...

                  Strangly these different mode sometime need different values
                  for the other above described settings.
                  I don't really know why. You just have to keep experimenting
                  with the values a bit. Whatever mode suits you most... you
                  probably must find the settings on your own.

??.??.??:V2.0beta
                - Gui and MANY other things...
                - debugging enhanced
                - instructions and helps
                - developers stuff
                - fixed new printing mode bug
                - new seal library
                - fixed sound mode 1
                - fixed bedlam bug
                - support for new printing mode to be introduced in Moon Lander!
                - clipping corrected
                - assembling bug, when compiled with optimize... (still there, has to do with
                  watcom optimize...)
                - joystick fixed
                - pole position shiftreg fixed
                - anti aliasing switch in *.ini,
                - debug labels as in *.cnt files
                - breaks at regs, and labels
                - command line vesainfo
                - mode 6 (a gag), 320 x 200
                - removed bug in fatal errors...
                - removed bug in screen shifty ...
                - joystick optional in ini -> pcjoystick,
                - command line sealinfo

--- END OF FILE ---